Equalizer (English equalize – “equalize”, the general abbreviation is “EQ”), a timbre block is a device or computer program that allows you to increase or decrease the volume of individual zones of the frequency range, equalize the amplitude-frequency characteristic of the sound signal, that is, adjust it (signal) amplitude selectively, depending on frequency.
Born in the 30s, the equalizer is the oldest and most commonly used sound processing by sound engineers. Today, the market lacks a variety of instruments for timbre correction – from a simple bass-treble corrector of the 50s to a sophisticated multi-band equalizer with perfect parameters. At its core, the equalizer is a few electronic filters that allow you to change the amplitude-frequency response of a sound device. Over the past half century, the equalizer circuitry has improved tremendously, trying to satisfy the increased demands of the audio industry. Continue reading
Impressionism (French: impressionnisme, from impression – impression), the direction in art of the last third of the XIX – beginning of XX centuries.
The application of the term “impressionism” to music is largely arbitrary – musical impressionism does not constitute a direct analogy to impressionism in painting and does not coincide chronologically with it (its heyday was the 90s of the 19th century and the 1st decade of the 20th century).
Impressionism arose in France when a group of artists – C. Monet, C. Pissarro, A. Sis-lei, E. Degas, O. Renoir and others – made their original paintings at Parisian exhibitions of the 70s. Their art sharply differed from the smooth and faceless works of the then academic painters: the Impressionists came out of the walls of the workshops into the free air, learned to reproduce the play of living colors of nature, the sparkle of sunlight, the colorful highlights on the moving river surface, the motley color of the festive crowd. The painters used a special technique of runaway stains, smears, which seemed disordered near, and at a distance gave rise to a real feeling of a lively play of colors, bizarre overflows of light. Continue reading
Philharmonic (from the Greek. Phileo – I love and harmonia – harmony, “I love harmony”) – in some countries: a music society or an institution that organizes concerts, promotes the development and promotion of musical art.
Philharmonic societies appeared in the cities of Europe and America (Petersburg, Moscow, Berlin, London, New York and others) in the 19th century, and they mainly promoted symphonic music. In the 20th century, in the socialist countries of Europe, philharmonic societies became state organizations – by 1976, there were 136 philharmonic societies in the USSR.
In 1859, A. G. Rubinstein organized the Russian Musical Society in Petersburg. The intensive development of concert activities required the creation of new musical and educational organizations. Continue reading
Polyphony (from the Greek “poly” – “a lot”, “background” – “sound”) is a kind of polyphonic music in which several independent equal melodies are simultaneously played. This is its difference from homophony (from the Greek “homo” – “equal”), where only one voice is the leading one, while others accompany it (as, for example, in Russian romance, Soviet mass song or dance music).
Polyphony is divided into types:
Sub-polyphony, in which along with the main melody its echo sounds, that is, slightly different options. Characteristic for Russian folk song. Continue reading
Estrada is a type of stage art that implies both a separate genre and a synthesis of genres: singing, dance, original performance, circus art, illusions.
Pop music is a form of entertaining musical art, addressed to the widest audience.
This type of music was most developed in the 20th century. It usually includes dance music, various songs, works for pop-symphony orchestras and vocal-instrumental ensembles.
Often, pop music is identified with the existing concept of “light music”, that is, easy to perceive, generally available. Continue reading