About the Philharmonic
Philharmonic (from the Greek. Phileo – I love and harmonia – harmony, “I love harmony”) – in some countries: a music society or an institution that organizes concerts, promotes the development and promotion of musical art.
Philharmonic societies appeared in the cities of Europe and America (Petersburg, Moscow, Berlin, London, New York and others) in the 19th century, and they mainly promoted symphonic music. In the 20th century, in the socialist countries of Europe, philharmonic societies became state organizations – by 1976, there were 136 philharmonic societies in the USSR.
In 1859, A. G. Rubinstein organized the Russian Musical Society in Petersburg. The intensive development of concert activities required the creation of new musical and educational organizations. In 1883, at the initiative of the pianist, conductor and teacher P. A. Shostakovsky, the Philharmonic Society opened in Moscow. Initially, it promoted mainly symphonic music. Society annually gave 10 symphony concerts. The Music and Drama School worked under him. Pupils of the school were many prominent musicians, among them you. S. Kalinnikov, D.I. Arakishvili, L.V. Sobinov.
In the XIX century. Philharmonic societies are established in Berlin, London, New York and other cities.
The first philharmonic societies in the USSR were organized in Petrograd (1921) and in Moscow (1922). The enlightening work of the philharmonic societies played a large role in attracting the broad working masses, especially young people, to music. The audience was attended by famous musical figures, literary critics, theater experts with lectures and talks about music and musicians.
The Leningrad Philharmonic attached great importance to this type of work with students. The prominent Soviet musicologist I. I. Sollertinsky, who at one time was the artistic director of the Philharmonic, gave lectures and talks immediately before concerts and attracted highly educated musicians for this purpose.
Now in our country more than 100 philharmonic societies in different cities, regions, regions. Their task is to promote the best musical works of Russian and foreign classics, leading Soviet composers. The largest musicians of the world are invited to perform works of different genres: singers, pianists, violinists, cellists, conductors. The Philharmonic attracts youth, laureates of All-Union and International competitions for performances.
The Philharmonic Society has permanent full-time performers, symphony and chamber orchestras, instrumental ensembles, choirs, dance ensembles, pop groups, and musicologists. In Moscow, concerts are held in the Large and Small Halls of the Conservatory, in the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall, the concert halls of the Gnesins Institute, the House of Scientists, in the Houses and Palaces of Culture. Often concerts are held at enterprises, factories, universities, schools.
In addition to philharmonic halls for adult students in our country there are also children’s philharmonic halls. They appeared in the 70s, but have already gained immense popularity. Children’s philharmonic societies are usually located at regional philharmonic societies, but have their own directorate, artistic leadership, staff of artists and lecturers, and often a separate hall. Now we have about 20 children’s philharmonic societies: in Leningrad and Tula, Sverdlovsk and Saratov, Gorky and Ordzhonikidze. Concerts are held at the Philharmonic: solo, chamber and symphonic, lectures and talks about music. The peculiarity of children’s philharmonic societies is that the children themselves, students of music schools of the city, members of choral and dance groups take part in their work. They not only perform in concerts with adult artists, but also participate in the compilation of programs, subscriptions, distribution of tickets. Knowing the beautiful and unique world of art, children learn to comprehend the beauty of the world, learn wisdom and kindness.
The Philharmonic is not only symphonic music. Philharmonic is a word that means love of harmony, and music is harmony, moreover, music is the most diverse.