Impressionism (French: impressionnisme, from impression – impression), the direction in art of the last third of the XIX – beginning of XX centuries.
The application of the term “impressionism” to music is largely arbitrary – musical impressionism does not constitute a direct analogy to impressionism in painting and does not coincide chronologically with it (its heyday was the 90s of the 19th century and the 1st decade of the 20th century).
Impressionism arose in France when a group of artists – C. Monet, C. Pissarro, A. Sis-lei, E. Degas, O. Renoir and others – made their original paintings at Parisian exhibitions of the 70s. Their art sharply differed from the smooth and faceless works of the then academic painters: the Impressionists came out of the walls of the workshops into the free air, learned to reproduce the play of living colors of nature, the sparkle of sunlight, the colorful highlights on the moving river surface, the motley color of the festive crowd. The painters used a special technique of runaway stains, smears, which seemed disordered near, and at a distance gave rise to a real feeling of a lively play of colors, bizarre overflows of light. Continue reading
Polyphony (from the Greek “poly” – “a lot”, “background” – “sound”) is a kind of polyphonic music in which several independent equal melodies are simultaneously played. This is its difference from homophony (from the Greek “homo” – “equal”), where only one voice is the leading one, while others accompany it (as, for example, in Russian romance, Soviet mass song or dance music).
Polyphony is divided into types:
Sub-polyphony, in which along with the main melody its echo sounds, that is, slightly different options. Characteristic for Russian folk song. Continue reading
The device of an electric guitar on the example of Fender Stratocaster:
1-Vulture. 2-body. 3-head neck. 4-upper nut. 5-Porozhek fret. 6-Kolka. 7-bridge (with tremolo). 8-pickup humbucker. 9-Pickup single. 10-Lever. 11-pickup switch. 12-tone control 13-volume control. 14-Socket for connecting the cord. 15-Hole for adjusting the anchor. 16-belt attachment. 17-fret marker.
The fretboard of the electric guitar (1) is practically no different from the acoustics and consists of two parts: the fretboard itself and the overlay fastened with glue. Recall that the fingerboard is its upper part, on which the frets are located. On the head of the neck (3) there are also pegs (6), and inside the neck there is an anchor, the task of which is still the same – to prevent the strings from bending the neck. The bar can be glued to the deck, or it can be attached with screws (this is one of the differences from acoustics). Continue reading