Polyphony (from the Greek “poly” – “a lot”, “background” – “sound”) is a kind of polyphonic music in which several independent equal melodies are simultaneously played. This is its difference from homophony (from the Greek “homo” – “equal”), where only one voice is the leading one, while others accompany it (as, for example, in Russian romance, Soviet mass song or dance music).
Polyphony is divided into types:
Sub-polyphony, in which along with the main melody its echo sounds, that is, slightly different options. Characteristic for Russian folk song. Continue reading
Vocalist (from the Latin words vox – “voice” and vocalis – “sounding”) – a musical profession, a role in a musical collective, involves the performance of various vocal parts.
Now, the term vocalist almost coincides with the term singer, but in modern pop music it is interpreted somewhat more broadly, in particular, implying the possibility of recitation, recitative, etc.
Singer – the one who sings, is engaged in singing. Artist of vocal music: songs, romances, arias, choirs, singles, etc. A musician who performs music on a musical instrument, which is his own voice. The singer is the most common type of vocalist.
In classical music and in opera, the voice is interpreted exclusively as a musical instrument. Composers write music for this instrument, taking into account the skill and characteristics of the singer’s voice.
The leader-vocalist is a member of the musical group, performing mainly the main vocal parts. Continue reading